The Growth of Miami’s Black Medical Community
For more than a century, beginning with Miami’s charter in 1896, African Americans have played an integral part in the city’s socio-political development. They were also leaders in the expansion of health care into communities that needed the most.
Denied entry to the white Dade County Medical Association, Black doctors, dentists, and pharmacists organized the Dade County Academy of Medicine (1920s) to have a space to openly discuss their profession and the community’s needs. According to their website, in early 2007, the group renamed itself the James Wilson Bridges, M.D. Medical Society, in honor of the first black Jackson Memorial Hospital senior resident in obstetrics and gynecology, first black Fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Florida, and first black president of the Dade County Medical Association.
There were many black pioneers in medicine before Bridges who could not practice at Jackson including Dr. J. Aphus Butler, a pharmacist and physician who opened the Magic City Drug Store in Overtown; Dr. Solomon McKenzie Frazier, who secured funding to build the Christian Hospital (1920) to serve the needs of the black community; and Dr. William Benjamin Sawyer, who began practicing at the age of 23 and is remembered for traveling to see his patients driving a horse and buggy.
Two years after the signing of Civil Rights Act of 1964, Jackson Memorial Hospital medical staff was integrated.
Today, Jackson’s workforce remains a shining reflection of the diverse community it serves.
Oct. 2015 Jackson History
Middle School Assistant Principal Receives New Heart. Link opens story page.
After years of battling cardiomyopathy, Erika Carter-Rolle finally received a lifesaving heart transplant.Explore in story page.
Apr. 1946 Jackson History
Jackson’s First Chief of Staff, Dr. Skaggs, Dies. Link opens story page.
In 1946, Jackson’s First Chief of Staff, Dr. Skaggs, died. He was a pioneer physician, treating minorities during a time of deep segregation.Explore in story page.
Feb. 2018 Employee Stories
From Boston to Miami: An Adventure that Turned into a Lifetime. Link opens story page.
From working as an associate nurse manager in the HIV/ TB unit, to being a pediatric clinical staff nurse at Jackson Behavioral Health Hospital, I’ve held various roles during my many years at Jackson.Explore in story page.