New Miami City Hospital Opens in Midst of Influenza Epidemic
On June 25, 1918, the new Miami City Hospital, spearheaded by physician and civic leader Dr. James M.
Jackson, opened its doors to the community in the midst of a deadly influenza epidemic. The 13-bed
hospital, which replaced the deteriorating Friendly Society Hospital on Biscayne Boulevard, was
immediately filled to capacity due to the rapid spread of the virus.
Currently known as the Alamo, the hospital building housed consulting rooms, operating rooms for
minor surgeries, waiting rooms, business offices, and restrooms on the first floor. Rooms for white
patients were located on the second floor and the third floor was reserved for storage facilities. A
kitchen and dining room were located in a service building to the west, while several wooden houses
were remodeled to serve as operating rooms, a nurses’ home, and a ward for black patients. In 1979,
the Alamo was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.
In 100 years, Miami City Hospital has grown from a small hospital to Jackson Health System, one of the
nation’s largest, most comprehensive health systems, known for its highly trained physicians and
cutting-edge care. It has since expanded to six hospitals, multiple primary care clinics and specialty care
centers, two long-term care nursing facilities, corrections health clinics, and a network of behavioral
health facilities and urgent care centers.
Although many things have changed, Jackson’s mission remains the same – to provide a single, high
standard of quality care for the residents and visitors to Miami-Dade County.
Apr. 2014 Miracle Stories
Six-Year-Old Saved from Deadly Flu Virus. Link opens story page.
In 2014, 6-year-old Victoria Bermudez was taken to an urgent care center, where she tested positive for influenza and strep throat. While there, her breathing got worse and went into cardiac arrest three times.Explore in story page.
May. 1970 Jackson History
Victims of McDuffie Riots Flood Emergency Room. Link opens story page.
In 1980, Jackson Memorial Hospital‘s emergency room was flooded with 200 patients injured during the McDuffie riots.Explore in story page.
Jul. 2008 Medical Firsts
Child Lives Without Heart For 118 Days. Link opens story page.
After her first heart transplant failed within a day, 14-year-old D’Zhana Simmons lived 118 days with a custom-built artificial heart.Explore in story page.