skip to content

New Miami City Hospital Opens in Midst of Influenza Epidemic

Miami City Hospital sign and vintage car in 1911

On June 25, 1918, the new Miami City Hospital, spearheaded by physician and civic leader Dr. James M.
Jackson, opened its doors to the community in the midst of a deadly influenza epidemic. The 13-bed
hospital, which replaced the deteriorating Friendly Society Hospital on Biscayne Boulevard, was
immediately filled to capacity due to the rapid spread of the virus.

Currently known as the Alamo, the hospital building housed consulting rooms, operating rooms for
minor surgeries, waiting rooms, business offices, and restrooms on the first floor. Rooms for white
patients were located on the second floor and the third floor was reserved for storage facilities. A
kitchen and dining room were located in a service building to the west, while several wooden houses
were remodeled to serve as operating rooms, a nurses’ home, and a ward for black patients. In 1979,
the Alamo was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

In 100 years, Miami City Hospital has grown from a small hospital to Jackson Health System, one of the
nation’s largest, most comprehensive health systems, known for its highly trained physicians and
cutting-edge care. It has since expanded to six hospitals, multiple primary care clinics and specialty care
centers, two long-term care nursing facilities, corrections health clinics, and a network of behavioral
health facilities and urgent care centers.

Although many things have changed, Jackson’s mission remains the same – to provide a single, high
standard of quality care for the residents and visitors to Miami-Dade County.

Share

Trending Stories

Opens story page.

Feb. 2018 Employee Stories

From Boston to Miami: An Adventure that Turned into a Lifetime

. Link opens story page.

From working as an associate nurse manager in the HIV/ TB unit, to being a pediatric clinical staff nurse at Jackson Behavioral Health Hospital, I’ve held various roles during my many years at Jackson.

Explore in story page.
1965 boat fire leads to inception of burn center at Jackson Health Systems Opens story page.

Nov. 1965 Medical Firsts

Steamship Fire Leads to Burn Services and New Treatment

. Link opens story page.

On November 1965, a devastating fire onboard the SS Yarmouth Castle killed 90. Five of the surviving victims were flown to Jackson for treatment with silver nitrate.

Explore in story page.
Maria Peña Press Conference full team of surgeons Opens story page.

Dec. 2016 Miracle Stories

Removal of Brain Tumors from Pregnant Woman Is Followed by a Successful Delivery

. Link opens story page.

After a 12-hour surgery at Jackson Memorial Hospital, surgeons removed two tumors from a pregnant woman’s brain. Weeks later, she delivers a healthy baby.

Explore in story page.

Copyright 2019 Jackson Health System

Jackson health System