New Treatment for HIV Proves Effective
In 1985, UM/Jackson physicians Drs. Margaret Fischl and Gordon Dickinson conducted the rigorous trial that proved the effectiveness of azidothymidine (AZT) as the primary drug to safely prolong the life of patients with HIV.
The research trial consisted of 282 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The subjects were randomly assigned either 250 milligrams of AZT or a placebo by mouth every four hours for a total of 24 weeks. One hundred forty-five subjects received AZT, and 137 received a placebo.
When the study concluded, 27 subjects had completed 24 weeks of the study, 152 had completed 16 weeks, and the remainder had completed at least eight weeks.
The base-line performance score and weight increased significantly among AZT recipients, and a significant increase in the number of cells was noted in subjects receiving AZT. The data demonstrated that the drug could decrease mortality and the frequency of infections in a selected group of subjects with AIDS or AIDS-related complications.
Apr. 2009 Miracle Stories
Innovative Procedure Helps Children with Eye Cancer. Link opens story page.
In 2009, 7-year-old Christina Katsouris underwent an extremely rare, new surgery at Holtz Children’s Hospital to treat retinoblastoma, a rare childhood cancer that occurs in the retina of the eye.Explore in story page.
Nov. 1986 Jackson History
First Adult Heart Transplant. Link opens story page.
On Thanksgiving Day in 1986, Mark Frye underwent heart transplant surgery at Jackson Memorial Hospital.Explore in story page.
Jan. 1973 Jackson History
The Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Opens. Link opens story page.
In 1973, Jackson’s neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) opened with seven tiny premature infants with incubators and adapted adult ventilators.Explore in story page.